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Nephrology

Our catalogue of nephrology immunology consists of two introductory modules on renal anatomy and physiology and four advanced modules on renal control of blood pressure, blood pH, calcium and phosphate homeostasis and oxygen homeostasis.

Modules Topics addressed Quiz Number of pages
Renal anatomy Kidney structure (cortex, medulla)
Nephron structure (renal corpsucle, renal tubule, juxtaglomerular aparatus)
Kidney vascularisation and innervation
Yes 14 pages
Renal physiology: an overview Overview of kidney functions
Overview of renal physiologic mechanisms
Focus on glomerular functions
Yes 19 pages
Renal control of blood pressure Blood pressure homeostasis: an overview
Renal handling of sodium and water and its regulation by the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and ADH
Renal handling of urea
Hypertension
Yes 51 pages
Renal control of blood pH Blood pH homeostasis: an overview
Acid base: basic principles
Renal handling of acids and bases
Acid-base disorders
Yes 98 pages
Renal control of calcium and phosphate homeostasis Calcium and phosphate homeostasis: an overview
Calcium handling by the intestine, kidney and bone and its regulation by calcitropic hormones (PTH, vitamin D, calcitonin)
Phosphate handling by the intestine and kidney and its regulation by phosphotropic hormones (PTH, vitamin D, FGF23, Klotho)
Yes 66 pages
Renal control of oxygen homeostasis Oxygen homeostasis: an overview
Gas exchange and transport: basic principles
Kidney and erythropoietin (stimuli for renal EPO production, structure, regulation and biologic effects of EPO)
Hypoxia-inducible factors (structure, tissue distribution, regulation of activity, transcriptional targets)
von Hippel-Lindau & VHL disease
Yes 30 pages